2. It also includes the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that make sure life is able to be sustained. Biodiversity is the foundation of our economy and our well-being. Biodiversity includes not only species we consider rare, threatened, or endangered but also every living thing—from humans to organisms we know little about, such as microbes, fungi, and invertebrates. And these efforts have been bolstered by continuous efforts to improve environmental policies at local, regional, and global scales. Er berücksichtigt sowohl die Häufigkeitsverteilung als auch den Artenreichtum. Each of these species and organisms work together in ecosystems, like an intricate web, to maintain balance and support life. Take the brush-tailed rock-wallaby. Thirty percent of Borneo’s forests have been wiped out in only 40 years. It ranks ninth in terms of plant species richness. Every single individual lifeform from the smallest bacteria in the soil to the largest whale in the sea, is a component of Earth’s biodiversity. Swiss Re Institute’s recent study estimates that more than half of global GDP depends on high-functioning biodiversity and ecosystem services. Explorer Find similar podcasts. Human activity is causing the Earth’s biodiversity to be lost at a greatly accelerated rate. Utilitarian values include the many basic needs humans obtain from biodiversity such as food, fuel, shelter, and medicine. Protecting biodiversity plays a … We may value biodiversity because of how it shapes who we are, our relationships to each other, and social norms. Donations are tax-deductible as allowed by law. Bereits seit längerem existiert der Begriff der „Diversität“ als ökologischer Fachterminus zur Beschreibung der „Verschiedenheit“ der Eigenschaften von Lebensgemeinschaften oder ökologischen Systemen (α- und γ-Diversität, siehe unten). NPS Photo. Biodiversity is something that has probably always been recognized and appreciated. This vegetation, which is mostly a peat swamp forest, is rich with biodiversity. This concept recognizes that human use, knowledge, and beliefs influence, and in turn are influenced, by the ecological systems of which human communities are a part. In the simplest terms, biodiversity refers to the variety of life on Earth and is a combination of the words ‘biological’ and ‘diversity’. Biodiversity, or the variety of all living things on our planet, has been declining at an alarming rate in recent years, mainly due to human activities, such as land use changes, pollution and climate change.. On 16 January MEPs called for legally binding targets to stop biodiversity loss to be agreed at a UN biodiversity conference (COP15) in China in October. These losses impoverish us all and damage life support systems we rely on everyday. American Museum of Natural History Biodiversity The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. When applying biodiversity net gain principles, developers are encouraged to bring forward schemes that provide an overall increase in natural habitat and ecological features. Biological diversity encompasses microorganisms, plants, animals, and ecosystems, such as coral reefs, forests, rainforests, deserts, etc. Umweltschutz und Biodiversität. Insects play an important role in biodiversity, too. Biodiversity is vast and research funds are small, but speeding up analysis might help, from automatically identifying creatures using machine learning to real-time DNA sequencing. They explore the biodiversity of one of the largest ecosystems in the world - the coral reef. All the interactions between plants, fungi and animals lead to the food we eat, the medicines we rely on and even clean water and oxygen. What is biodiversity? The variety of animal and plant life in any environment is known as biodiversity. Biodiversity, also called biological diversity, the variety of life found in a place on Earth or, often, the total variety of life on Earth. Blue Eco Forum 2020: Towards a Blue Solidarity Economy for a Sustainable Mediterranean; deforestation; Temperature analysis shows UN goals ‘within reach’ World AIDS Day 1st December; The Goldman Environmental Prize; World Press Freedom Conference 2020; Grass-poly sees the light after more than one century in hiding ! Therefore, it is very important to conserve biodiversity. New York, NY 10024-5102 Each of us belongs to a culture. Borneo is one of just two places orangutans call home. It affects every aspect of human health, providing clean air and water, nutritious foods, scientific understanding and medicine sources, natural disease resistance, and climate change mitigation. This includes every life form, be it plants, animals, fungi and even microorganisms like bacteria. The Museum is open! Biodiversity is all the different kinds of life you’ll find in one area—the variety of animals, plants, fungi, and even microorganisms like bacteria that make up our natural world. Our impact on the planet primarily comes from what we eat, what we buy, how we power our homes, and how we travel from place to place. Biodiversity acts as a buffer against change. The number of tigers has plunged by 97% in the last century. Biodiversity is the name we give to the variety of all life on Earth. 4. What biodiversity is Biodiversity describes the variety of life on Earth, including the 8 million plant and animal species on the planet, the ecosystems that house them, and the genetic diversity among them. Biodiversity refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth. Overkill. 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