The American Civil War, waged from 1861 to 1865, is remembered on this date. It is important to note however, that this war had several consequences on the Igbo economy and in particular its food production systems. 2001., Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. The Nigerian government launched a "police action" to retake the secessionist territory. 1 . in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. Igbo and Yoruba leaders, anxious to obtain an independent country at all cost accepted the Northern demands. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. Like many other African nations, Nigeria was an artificial structure initiated by the British which had neglected to consider religious, linguistic, and ethnic differences. Prior to the discovery of oil, Nigeria's wealth derived from agricultural products from the south, and minerals from the north. At first Nigerian progress was slow, and failures of its larger army to invade the territory of the new republic led to a growth in worldwide support for Biafra. Kouchner also witnessed these events, particularly the huge number of starving children, and when he returned to France, he publicly criticized the Nigerian government and the Red Cross for their seemingly complicit behavior. Comments. The Igbos felt that they had been deliberately displaced from government positions, because their pre-war posts were now occupied by other Nigerians (mostly Yoruba and Hausa-Fulani). The problem with this was that Shias and Sunnis both wanted more power in … Biafran troops crossed the Niger River, entered the mid-western region, and launched attacks close to Lagos, the then Nigerian capital. Four years later, Kristine Holderied became more, In Nazi-occupied Holland, 13-year-old Jewish diarist Anne Frank and her family are forced to take refuge in a secret sealed-off area of an Amsterdam warehouse. However, the exclusion of easterners from power made many fear that the oil revenues would be used to benefit areas in the north and west rather than their own. Having commenced seven years after Nigeria gained independence from Britain, the war began with the secession of the southeastern region of the nation on May 30, 1967, when it declared itself the independent Republic of Biafra . HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Art, Music, Literature, Sports and leisure. After diplomatic efforts by Nigeria failed to reunite the country, war between Nigeria and Biafra broke out in July 1967. Osaghae and E. Onwudiwe. Civil Peace by Chinua Achebe: Summary The well-known Nigerian author Chinua Achebe's short story 'Civil Peace' is a realistic story which presents the condition immediately after the Civil War. As Nigerian forces were to retake the Mid-West, the Biafran military administrator declared the Republic of Benin on September 19. After entering the country, the volunteers, in addition to Biafran health workers and hospitals, were subjected to attacks by the Nigerian army, and witnessed civilians being murdered and starved by the blockading forces. 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