They grow about four inches under the soil. (1992) identify the same groups, although they classify them differently). These include conditions such as barrenness, carbuncle and epilepsy, and can only be cured by a traditional healer. Learn these names of flowers and plants to increase your vocabulary words in English. The fat extracted from the seed is used in the preparation of food. It is also used to heal swellings. The population per Western-trained doctor actually fell during the period 1965-84, principally because more than one-half of the qualified doctors. In terms of availability, there are certainly greater numbers of indigenous healers. Herbal drugs are often used in complementary treatments, in which they are combined with pharmaceutical treatment. Traditional medical practitioners According to the World Health Organization, indigenous healers are a group of persons recognised by the community in which they live as being competent to provide health by using vegetable, animal and mineral substances and other methods based on the social, cultural and religious backgrounds as well as the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs that are prevalent in the community regarding physical, mental and social well-being and the causation of disease and disability. Ghana's closed forests are now confined primarily to the southwest, and constitute the eastern edge of the Guineo-Congolean forest region. Food: Edible oil is extracted from the seed which is used in making food. The roots are used in the treatment of infectious disease of the throat (diphtheria) and also good for curing gonorrhea. keep up. Please contact us at info@findpower.com Consequently, scanty literature exists on the medicinal… Bark is used in the treatment of conditions such as fracture, menstrual pains, piles, and body pains. According to Twumasi and Warren, the aim of the colonial Government was to 'liquidate native practices of traditional medicine' (Twumasi and Warren, 1986, p. 122). A list of plants commonly cited for their medicinal uses in Ghana has also been given. The leaves are used to treat measles. The majority of doctors are concentrated in urban areas. Food: Leaves are used as a vegetable in stews and soups. There are many of these in the Tafo Area of the Kwahu Mountains, some looking like carefuly carved Artefacts. Contact us per e-mail, Fax: [+1] 954 255 5565 or Phone [+1] 954 933 85 01 Have a suggestion? Kanwono. … (1989) cite 1988 Ministry of Health figures, that 81% of the 965 doctors in the country work in urban areas, with 299 (32%) being based in the two teaching hospitals. Located in this cool tranquil environment is … The management of plant habitats, the evidence of overexploitation and scarcity, and the effects of environmental and land use change is reviewed. 1. There are many plants which are taken to prevent sickness and encourage growth. Consequently, scanty literature exists on the medicinal… 162,386 . 1. A number of medicinal plants may be cultivated rather than harvested from the wild. Food: The fruit pulp is used as a sweetener. Anonymous Jun 4, 2020 At 3:34 pm. Medicine: Root is used to treat cough. Cargill . Food: Red palm oil extracted from fruit and palm kernel oil extracted from the seeds are extensively used in the preparation of food. Cloves ( English) - Dadoa Amba ( Twi) P3pr3 (Twi) Mbr3go Amba ( Fante) 2. A decoction of the bark is taken to treat anaemia. Such studies, although few in number and isolated, have usually focused on the efficacy of herbs as well as their safety assessment. Food: The dried fruits are used  as spice in stews and soup.Medicine: The root is used in the treatment of cough and chest pains. The young leaves are used as a vegetable in stews and soup. Boils, anaemia, diarrhoea, purgative. 1. Villagers in a survey conducted in Western and Ashante Regions (Falconer et al., 1992) have planted a number of medicinal plant species around the villages. This led to a re-surfacing of traditional medical practitioners and practice which, together with the present inaccessibility of Western medicine to large sections of the population, has stimulated the popularity of indigenous medical practice. • Herbalists are the most numerous traditional practitioners in Ghana. The infant mortality rate and child death rate rose, and pre-school malnutrition rose from 35% in 1974 to 54% in 1984 (MacKenzie, 1992). Leaves are used in the treatment of typhoid and  fever. In childbirth they are the mid wives responsible for delivering the child. The Hausa language, apart from being the first language of many people in Nigeria and Niger, is an important second language to many communities in surrounding areas. The extent of commercialisation and trade is also an important determinant of the rate of exploitation. (1989), Falconer's study showed that the level of education attained made a difference to the type of treatment respondents sought. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_power_stations_in_Ghana (1989) identify a number of subcategories and specialities including bonesetters, circumscisors and traders in herbal medicines. The country has two distinct ecological zones: forest and savanna. There are generally five options for the treatment of most common diseases: a clinic or hospital, treatment from a nurse or paramedic at home, buying Western pharmaceutical drugs from a local trader, self treatment using plant medicines, or traditional healers. The advantages offered by traditional medicine over biomedicine are often referred to as the 'Four As': availability, accessibility, acceptability, adaptability. Originally, high closed canopy forest covered approximately 34.5% of the area (82258 km2), and savanna the remaining 156280 km2 (IUCN, 1988). Some float on water. Treatment in this case is more strictly divided, so that diviners treat diseases caused by supernatural agents, herbalists those with natural causes. Some commonly traded medicinal plants; Scientific name. Leaves are used to treat waist pains, toothache and headache. Later sections of this chapter describe the specialist practitioners within this traditional medical system. There is also a range of different modes of application and administration; some are ingested as decoctions, infusions and tissanes, some are applied directly as poultices or rubs and lotions, as enemas, and eyedrops, gargle, or nasal drops (for example, the leaf sap of Hoslundia opposita for jaundice) and as snuff. List of cocoa buying companies in Ghana. The roots are also used in the treatment of dysmenorrhoea and measles. The prevailing belief is that such diseases are part of lay medical knowledge, to the extent that each family has its own favourite herbal recipes that have been proven over the years for treating such ills. This corresponds with findings reported by Amanor (1992), who cites a national ratio of 1:140 for registered traditional healers, compared with 1:20 000 for scientifically-trained medical practitioners. (1989); Falconer et al. 1 A number of different terms are used to describe these two systems. Food: Fruit pulp is used for flavouring food especially soup. It was found that the returns per day could range between 300 and 8000 cedis (£0.50-14.50), or 100-16 000 cedis per week (£1.80-29). Ghana has the fourth-highest capacity generated by IPPs and ranks third in terms of investment, after South Africa, Kenya and Nigeria, with both metrics growing. Different parts of the plants are used, ranging from roots and root bark, bark and stems, latex and sap, leaves, buds and flowers, and seeds. There are many sacred forests, sacred plants and shrines where these magic plants grow. Trumpet creeper ( Campsis radicans) is way too aggressive for people who want neat and orderly gardens. It is also taken to cure stomach pain and to facilitate child delivery. The distinction between forest and savanna vegetation is clear, with little intermediate woodland on the fringes, and the boundary exaggerated by farming activities and fires. Both Wondergem et al. Copyright 1999 - 2014 Findpower.com. Seventeen per cent of those who had attended University never used herbal remedies. Reply. Medicinal plants are of considerable importance to both rural and urban populations. Foods: Leaves are also used as a vegetable for stews and soup.Medicines: Leaves are used in the treatment of stomach ache, menstrual disorders and also helps to stop bleedin. These are shown in Box 9.2. Box 9.1: Classification of disease in Berekuso. Afrimomum spp. As reported in the 2016 energy outlook published by the Energy Commission, permits issued to potential IPPs went from 10 in 2015 to 14 at the beginning of 2016. At the rural and regional markets, traders tend to be either part-time farmers, or they may travel around the smaller markets. The second category of diseases are those caused by supernatural agents and can be divided generally into those caused by good or benign agents, and those caused by evil or malevolent agents. A list of plants commonly cited for their medicinal uses in Ghana has also been given. The fruits are also used to make palm nut soup. Root is used as an aphrodisiac and for the treatment of piles. Medicine: Leaves are used to treat fever and back pain. (Similar policies and outcomes were experienced in other African colonies such as Kenya and Zambia.). The English name for Yooyi is Velvet Tamarind These include herbalists, who are the majority of traditional practitioners and primary prescribers of herbal or plant medicines. Preferred Ecology - All agro-ecologies in Ghana Name of Variety: Abasafitaa Distinctness, Uniformity and Stability (DUS) – Relatively short in height Low branching Wide open canopy Profuse flowing ... the base of the plant. Most Ghanaians have at least one name from this system. In addition, several healers report that they have planted medicinal plants which can only be used fresh near their compounds, near rivers and in swampy areas. Also the blackouts experienced earlier in 2011 in the country poses as an issue for mining operations in Ghana: but with the nuclear power plant underway, this problem should be curtailed. Conclusions conservation of medicinal plants habitats and indigenous technical knowledge, The role of ethnobotany in pharmaceutical prospecting. A brief profile of the country, and an overview of the health system and concepts of illness and treatment, and the role of traditional healers, of which herbalists form the majority, is included. And salad are processed into a nutritious spice or condiment, which is used an. Large variety of ways Ghana 's closed forests are now confined primarily to the that! From Accra, the findings of Falconer et al lead to the type of treatment respondents sought of... Opportunities for cultivation, will influence conservation strategies used for flavouring food especially soup size of tree! 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