A network of computers can provide a powerful communication medium among widely separated people. . Data Network Definition. Some of its main uses are as follows − Information and Resource Sharing − Computer networks allow organizations having units which are placed apart from each other, to share information in a very effective manner. WAN provide distance transmission of data, audio, images and video information. The connection of a computer network can be done by connecting a set of computers so that the information can be shared. A computer network is defined to be an interconnected collection of autonomous computers. . It Works within 10 to 100 kilometres. What is Computer Network. Instead, a single computer handles an entire task, each separate computer handles a subset. Other types … Service Provided by the Network for Companies: • Many organizations have a large number of computers in operation. . Two computers are said to be interconnected if they interchange information. A MAN is typically owned and operated by a single entity such as a government body or large corporation. . Uses of Bridges in Computer Network. You can refer to the interconnection of computers and other devices that share resources.. Data is a term that indicates information, a document or testimony that allows to reach a knowledge or to deduce the legal consequences of a fact. The first computers suitable for home use required individuals to follow specialized processes if they wanted to be more productive. . Computer networking also allows the sharing of network resources, such as printers, dedicated servers, backup systems, input devices and Internet connections. Departments of university ABC are BBA, B.COM, B Tech, BCA, BA and B.SC. A computer network … The following are the major types of Computer network. This sector is expected to grow quickly in the future. Had it not been of high importance, nobody would have bothered connecting computers over a network. In this tutorial of computer networks, you’re going to learn what is computer network, Different types of a computer network such as LAN, MAN, WAN, Wireless network and Internet with proper examples and diagrams, What are the uses or applications of a computer network. Computer Network uses distributed processing in which task is divided among several computers. It is a widely useful network for sharing resources like files, printers, games, and other application. Information can be in the form of audio, video, text, gig and in other formats as well. 24.12 Parekh-Gallager Theorem. Here are the fundamental benefits/pros of using Computer Networking: Helps you to connect with multiple computers together to send and receive information when accessing the network. A computer network is a group of computers that use a set of common communication protocols over digital interconnections for the purpose of sharing resources located on or provided by the network nodes.The interconnections between nodes are formed from a broad spectrum of telecommunication network technologies, based on physically wired, optical, and wireless radio-frequency methods that … Uses of computer network: Sharing of information from one place to another. The following are the important uses and benefits of a computer network. A L ocal A rea N etwork (LAN) is a group of computer and peripheral devices which are connected in a limited area such as school, laboratory, home, and office building. They help us to transfer data from one point to another within the network. An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label assigned to each device (e.g., computer, printer) participating in a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. These networks are used in different ways by using different types of networks. A computer network is a group of computers linked to each other that enables the computer to communicate with another computer and share their resources, data, and applications. Computer network is an important financial aspect for organizations because it saves money. So, uses and significance of networking has gained momentum during the last years. From the Latin rite, the term network is used to define a structure that has a characteristic pattern. . Connection Oriented and Connectionless Services. Interconnected means capable of exchanging information, and autonomous means, that there is no dictatorship. Programs and software in any computer can be accessed by other computers linked … . Computer networks are fairly ubiquitous in today’s hyper-connected world and are critical to the functioning of most organizations. Let’s take an example of a university to understand the concept of a computer network. Some of the things that networks are used for include: Communicating using email, video, instant messaging and other methods Sharing devices such as printers, scanners and photocopiers The computer network names the set of computers and other interconnected computers, which share information, resources, and services. It is designed to extend over an entire city. . In traditional computer networks, single computer machine, workstation, and servers are linked one by one through Ethernet and other cables. For example, Printer can be used as a shared resource by many users in a computer lab network as shown in the below diagram. It allows sharing so that resources are available to anyone on the network. The following diagram shows an example of a local area network. Computer networks provide very high reliability. The following diagram shows an example of a metropolitan area network. In contrast, wide area networks interconnect multiple LANs. Metropolitan area networks interconnect computer resources in a geographic area, while storage area networks interconnect storage devices and resources. File sharing: Networking of computers helps the network users to share data files. The process of aggregating networks is called network bridging. This facilitates sharing of resources and information between the users. In order to communicate or interchange information, the departments use the computer system. . The computer network is divided into different categories. Although wireless networking and mobile computing are often related, they are not identical, as the below figure shows. As shown in the diagram above the departments of the university are using a computer network to share information such as files, folders, images, excel sheets, documents and emails. WAN is cheaper and more efficient to use. . The following diagram shows an example of a wide area network(WAN). Of course, this isn’t a complete list; once you have a network, you’ll probably find many other uses for it. Computer Networks: Home Applications. © 2020 Studytonight. Computer networks have become invaluable to organizations as well as individuals. When two or more computers are interconnected with each other and transfer data among each other is called a computer network. The computer plays a vital role in our daily life. If you didn't input the correct commands at the right time, then you had to start over from the beginning. Uses Of Computer Network. A computer network provides a powerful communication medium among widely separated employees. The wireless networks are becoming more important because the wired connection is cannot be used in vehicles such as cars or aeroplanes. USES OF COMPUTER NETWORKS. These computers may be within the same building, campus, city or different cities. Sending messages to another users. Her work appears on various websites, including FinWeb and DoItYourself, and she is a member of the Canadian Writers Association. A bridge is a network device that connects multiple LANs (local area networks) together to form a larger LAN. A network between one country and another country is an example of a wide-area network. Computer networks are playing an important role in providing services to a large organization as well as to common man. . . Often these are centrally housed and maintained by a system administrator. These departments are interconnected with each other through a network. Airlines, bookstores and music vendors have discovered that many customers like the convenience of shopping from home. Your feedback really matters to us. . For example, if LAN and MAN are connected with each other and then this network is called internetwork. . When a network spans a large distance, local area network cannot be used so for large distances wide area network is used. Without computer networks, device sharing is … The computer networks are playing an important role in providing services to large organizations as well as to the individual common man. A goal that is starting to become more important in businesses is doing business with consumers over the Internet. Metropolitan area network is a combination of many LANs. We use a computer regularly for various purposes. It is used for transferring large blocks of data between its users. Metropolitan Area Network: A network spanning a physical area larger than a LAN but smaller than a WAN, such as a city. All rights reserved. . A computer network offers a personalized experience. Gilani holds a Master of Business Administration in finance and an honors… Resource Sharing: Resource sharing is the primary goal, which makes all programs, data and equipment available to everyone on the network regardless of the physical location of the resource and the users. Computer network applications are network software applications that utilize the Internet or other network hardware infrastructure to perform useful functions for example file transfers within a network. Wireless networks have many applications. Hardware sharing: Users can share devices such as printers, scanners, CD-ROM drives, hard drives etc. Computer Network is a system which allows communication among the computers connected in the network. Computer networks are used to carry out a large number of tasks through the sharing of information. Sharing of IoT devices such as printers or storage devices. One can imagine a company's information system as consisting of one or more databases and some employees who need to access it remotely. 2. . In this tutorial of computer networks, you’re going to learn what is computer network, Different types of a computer network such as LAN, MAN, WAN, Wireless network and Internet with proper examples and diagrams, What are the uses or applications of a computer network. Helps you to share information at very fast speed. Networks are often categorized by the wired or wireless transmission medium they support, as well as the scope of their domains. Bus topology is used in local area networks. . . Some of the most important uses of the Internet for home users are as follows: Access to remote information; Person-to-person communication; Interactive entertainment; Electronic commerce While we are planning on brining a couple of new things for you, we want you too, to share your suggestions with us. A network is a structure that has a characteristic pattern. . . . It works between 0 to 10 Km. The following diagram shows an example of an internetwork. A MAN is basically a bigger version of the Local area network(LAN). Following are the advantages of Distributed processing: The Uses of Computer Network 1. We will send you exclusive offers when we launch our new service. . When two or more network are connected with each other is called internetwork. . A computer network can provide a powerful communication medium among employees. . Administrators of computers, systems and networks have the responsibility to protect the rights of users and promote respect for applicable laws and license provisions, to set policies consistent with those rights and responsibilities, and to publicize those policies to their users. In this model, the data is stored on powerful computers called Servers. The following are the uses of a computer network: A computer network allows sharing programs, equipment, data and information. The computer network is the basis of communication in the field of IT (information technology). For example, local area networks (LANs) interconnect endpoints in a single domain. A very common example of a wireless network is a Portable office. Software is now able to computer the risk of a disease. There are many types of networks depending upon the geographical range. . At present there are two versions of protocols in use – IPv4 and IPv6 . Uses of Computer Networking ds_69c2f03d-91bd-4688-94ec-46888cad2f7a Natasha Gilani Natasha Gilani is a published writer and Web content developer who has been writing since 2004. Uses of computer networks 1. Following are some business applications of computer networks: The goal is to make all programs, equipments(like printers etc), and especially data, available to anyone on the network without regard to the physical location of the resource and the user. Let's start exploring the uses of Computer Networks with some traditional usecases at companies and for individuals and then move on to the recent developments in the area of mobile users and home networking. Networks make computers and their users capable of being connected together. The modern businesses are expanded all over the world. Computer networks are used to share files and data between computers like sharing file in office or sharing file from one city to other city. . Computer networks provide access to online libraries, journals, electronic newspapers, chat rooms, social networking websites, email clients and the World Wide Web. Computer Network Computer Engineering MCA. Introduction – Computer network means to connect multiple computer system with each other through physical medium (Cable or Wire) or wireless medium and this architecture is known as “Computer Network”.. In contrast, the employees have simple machines, called Clients, on their desks, using which they access remote data. . COMPUTER NETWORK Introduction The term ''computer network'' to mean a collection of autonomous computers (A computer /nodes that has its own processing capabilities and does not act under the control of any other computer is known as autonomous computer) interconnected by a single technology. We humans explore and challenge computer science daily. In a local area network, all the machines are connected to a single cable. WAN stands for wide area network. Users can benefit from making online bookings for theaters, restaurants, hotels, trains and airplanes. Network Definition. They have authority to control or refuse access to anyone who violates these policies or threatens the rights of other users or fails to comply with applicable laws or license provisions; they should make reasonable efforts to notify users a… . There are multiple types of network, such as the computer network, the electrical network and the social network.. And once you get used to the benefits of a network, you’ll never look at your computer the same way again. . Let’s Get Started, Happy learning! To function as a server, a computer must be running a network operating system (NOS), a special type of software designed to manage data and other resources for a number of clients. If you want to share some files or data between two or more computers then we have make a network between computers. For example, we use a computer to convert raw facts and data into meaningful information and knowledge. For example, A cable network. There are 2 types of network applications:- All medical information can now be digitized. A network that uses a server to enable clients to share data, data storage space, and devices is known as a client/server network. The aspect of high reliability is very important for military, banking and air traffic control. Computer technology is radically changing the tools of medicine. • Even though the computers are located in different locations, the organizations want to keep track of inventories, monitor productivity, do the ordering and billing etc. Advantages of a Computer Network. Topology: Point to Point Network & Multipoint Connection, What is Computer Network |Uses| its Types(LAN, MAN, WAN), Best Exam Writing Tips: How to write answers in university exams. Computer networks are the interconnections of several computers for the sharing of information, resources, software, hardware, and more. . Networks may also be divided into subnetworks, also called subnets. . • T… In wireless networks, computers are connected with each other without a wire or cable and information is transformed through unguided media. The most popular forms are listed in the below figure: Some of the most important uses of the Internet for home users are as follows: Mobile computers, such as notebook computers and Mobile phones, is one of the fastest-growing segment of the entire computer industry. . Virtually every company that has two or more computers now has e-mail (electronic mail), which employees generally use for a great deal of daily communication. The LAN is a network which is designed to operate over a small physical area such as an office, factory or a group of buildings. Helps you to share printers, scanners, and email. A computer network can be categorized by their size. 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