Hyphaene thebaica L., Mart., 1838, augalų (Plantae) karalystės magnolijūnų (Angiospermae) skyriaus lelijainių (Liliopsida) klasės (Arecales) eilės (Arecaceae) šeimos (Hyphaene) genties rūšis. In Sudan an infusion of the leaf fibre is used as an eyewash for the treatment of conjunctivitis, and the fruit is eaten against stomach pain and bladder infection. Fig. Flowers unisexual, 3-merous; male flowers with minute green bracts, calyx with tubular base and 3 acute, hooded lobes, corolla with a basal stalk and 3 overlapping, obovate and hooded lobes, stamens 6, on the base of the corolla lobes; female flowers much larger than male ones, pedicel short and wide, sepals 3, free, triangular, acute and leathery, petals 3, rounded, somewhat smaller than sepals, scarious, staminodes 6, ovary globose, 3-locular, but only 1 locule fertile, stigmas 3, sessile. In Eritrea it plays an important role in food security: it provides food in times of food shortage and the leaves are a source of income. 2008. Inflorescence unisexual, axillary, between the leaves; male inflorescence up to 120 cm long, first erect, later pendulous, with a tubular prophyll opening out to a lanceolate blade, partial inflorescences 25–30 cm × 1 cm, rachillae up to 20 cm × c. 1 cm, bracts 7–8 mm × 3 mm and united into a pit with a small opening, flowers 3 per pit, arranged as a cincinnus; female inflorescence similar to male, up to 80 cm long, rachillas usually solitary, rarely 2 together, 12–25 cm × 1–2 cm, flowers 1 in each pit. Aqueous root suspensions showed hypolipidaemic activity in rats, but were also found to be toxic to both the liver and the kidneys. Doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica) IMPORTANT INFORMATION : This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982). The highest germination for freshly-collected seeds was obtained with mechanically-scarified seeds soaked in water for 3 days. It also experiences very low rainfall and it is a miracle anything can grow here. Fibres from the leaf blade are used for making rough bags, but extraction is laborious and the quality not high. Photo by BGL, edric. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. The ‘nuts’ were formerly exported, e.g. Volume 7 . Whole leaves are used for thatching. Chamaeriphes crinite (Gaertn.) Per 100 g dry matter the seeds contain 1.11 g tannic acid and 330 mg phytic acid. The midveins of the leaf segments are used as frames for woven objects and tied together they are used as brooms. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. The doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica Mart.) Furthermore, untreated seeds had much lower germination than seeds with the pericarp removed and bare nuts (pericarp and endocarp removed). Stems cut for tapping palm wine die, but the tree coppices from the root. The apical bud is eaten as a vegetable (‘palm cabbage’). It is sometimes made into syrup or ground into meal, which is made into cakes and sweetmeat. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Where Hyphaene thebaica leaves are not harvested for building materials, the leaves are persistent and form a shaggy barrier around the trunk. If the low temperature excursions are of short duration, that is for a few hours before dawn, then the trunk will be protected and will not experience the radiant heat losses a naked trunk must endure. The 1000-seed weight is 20–50 kg. In Hyphaene thebaica usually many infructescences are present on the same individual, giving a very informative picture on their development. I made the following changes: Its taxonomy is much confused and often misunderstood. 4. Seed shaped like fruit, 3–4 cm × 2.5–4 cm; endosperm white, with hollow centre. Hyphaene spp. The wood fibre cells are 0.8–1.5 mm long and 25–45 μm wide. The ultimate fibres of the rachis are on average 0.8 mm long and 13.7 μm wide, with a cell wall thickness of 3.5 μm and a lumen width of 6.8 μm. In Eritrea the petioles are woven into bed mats and used in the construction of houses, fences and bridges. Hyphaene thebaica is an evergreen Shrub growing to 10 m (32ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a slow rate. This shrubby Hyphaene populates salt flats, in some places it even seems to grow on encrusted salt banks, where the ground looks white, as if covered in freshly fallen snow, a most incredible sight especially when you can feel the unbelievable heat that characterizes this area. Although more than 40 Hyphaene species have been recorded, the genus probably comprises only about 10 species, occurring in the drier parts of tropical and subtropical Africa, with a few species extending into the Middle East and the western coast of India. Ajna Fern Is a local species agroforestry multipurpose improves soil fertility. Male and female flowers on separate trees. Fresh or 13-months-old seeds that had been soaked in water before sowing had higher germination than unsoaked seeds. The variability in the fruit quality may offer scope for selection and breeding. Flour made from the pericarp contains per 100 g edible portion: moisture 10.7 g, energy 1239 kJ (296 kcal), protein 2.6 g, fat 0.4 g, carbohydrates (including fibre) 79.0 g, fibre 14.0 g, ash 7.3 g, Ca 68 mg, thiamine 0.05 mg, riboflavin 0.10 mg and niacin 3.4 mg (Leung, Busson & Jardin, 1968). Seeds for sale starting at € 10.30. Doum nut, the nut of the doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica), native to Upper Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Kenya, and Tanzania. [Redaguoti sinonimus]? The Beneficial Dietary Hypotensive and Hypolipidaemic Effects of Hyphaene Thebaica (Doum). Fruits 6-10 x 6-8 cm, smooth, shiny brown when ripe. Pronunciation: HIGH-fuh-nee/ HI-fee-nee thee-BAY-ih-kuh . Espesye sa tanom nga bulí nga una nga gihulagway ni Carl von Linné, ug nga gihatagan sa eksakto nga ngalan ni Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius ang Hyphaene thebaica.Ang Hyphaene thebaica sakop sa kahenera nga Hyphaene sa kabanay nga Arecaceae. It has been revised for East Africa, but a further revision for the other parts of Africa is badly needed. The total basal area of plants was 1.03 m 2 ha-1.Hyphaene thebaica was ranked third and accounts for 12.6% of the total basal area with 0.13 m 2 ha-1. Harley & C.E. The Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils. & J.Presl. Hyphaene coriacea grows in coastal lowland regions, especially sand dunes, and rarely extends to inland areas; it is distributed from sea level to 300 m. At least 23 different names, all of them considered nowadays as synonyms, have been proposed for this palm. Typical growth habit of Hyphaene thebaica in Western Djibouti. Lewis. Male flowers shortly stalked, solitary in pits of the spadix, spathe-bracts encircling the spadix, pointed. The male inflorescence is a fodder in Sudan. Hyphaene thebaica is an extremely useful multipurpose tree for arid and semi-arid regions, yielding fibre, construction material, food, fodder and a range of other products. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits). Dioecious tree up to 20 m tall, with dichotomous branching; trunk solitary, up to 40 cm in diameter, soon dividing into 2 branches, which may divide again to give 8(–16) crowns, most of the trunk covered with leaf bases breaking up into fibres near the base of the trunk. Ash from the stem is used as a vegetable salt. Chamaeriphes thebaica (L.) Kuntze. Leaf pulp can be made into good-quality paper, but available quantities are too low for commercial production. The mesocarp and endosperm of fruits of both species were analysed for water, fat, protein, ash iron, Ca and P content. External links modified. The tree is found in countries such as Egypt, Senegal, Sudan, Central Africa, Nigeria, Tanzania and Mauritania (Walter, 1971). The leaves, rachis and fruits are used as fuel as well. A palm tree easily recognizable by the dichotomy of its stem. For more multimedia, look at Hyphaene thebaica on Wikimedia Commons. Dungul Oasis, Egypt. with help from Douma thebaica (L.) Poir.. Hyphaene baikieana Furtado. The palm can be coppiced and lopped. It also occurs in Libya, Egypt, Israel, the Arabian Peninsula and western India. Pulps obtained from the rachis by the soda-anthraquinone (soda-AQ), alkaline sulphite-anthraquinone (AS-AQ) and alkaline sulphite-anthraquinone-methanol (ASAM) processes had low strength properties and seemed unsuitable for competitive papermaking. the stems do not die after flowering. The leaves vary from green to gray and are held by beautiful, bright yellow leaf stalks which are armed with black thorns along their margins. Ethyl acetate, methanolic and aqueous extracts of the fruit shave shown antibacterial and antifungal activity. However, of all the Hyphaene species, this one holds the most promise to doing so. Hyphaene … Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions. Fibre from the petiole is used for making sponges and brushes. Epicarp, flesh and pitted samples of doum fruit (Hyphaene thebaica) were analyzed for proximate, fatty acid and amino acid (essential and non-essential) composition. Hyphaene obovata Furtado. Hyphaene thebaica is distributed from Senegal and Gambia eastwards to Somalia, and is especially common between latitudes 8°N and 12°N. from Sudan and Eritrea, for the production of buttons and beads from the kernel and small boxes from the endocarp, but nowadays buttons are mainly made from plastic. Elephants and baboons eat the fruits and disperse the seeds. (RPS.com) Editing by edric. The treatments of these natural herbs and plants have no side effects and provide a good and real curing. In Eritrea the felling of living trees is illegal. and the fruit of Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A.Rich. Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "Hyphaene thebaica" Flickr tag. Lobed fruit. The fruits are collected to be sold in towns. Kuntze. In Mali the wood is used for poles, shafts and harpoons. Branches of female spadices stouter, in the fruiting stage marked by densely tomentose cushions after the fall of the fruit. The aqueous extract contained alkaloids, reducing sugars and glucosides. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. and Chrysophyllum albidum G Don (African star apple). (PROTA4U). http://www.westafricanplants.senckenberg.de/root/index.php?page_id=14&id=849, http://www.photomazza.com/?Hyphaene-thebaica, http://www.palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Hyphaene_thebaica&oldid=136895, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). Pollination is by wind. The wood is also used as fuel and for making charcoal. Hyphaene thebaica, with common names doum palm (Ar: دوم) and gingerbread tree (also doom palm), is a type of palm tree with edible oval fruit. On germination, the cotyledon stalk buries the radicle and plumule to a depth of 60 cm. Doum (Hyphaene thebaica) is one of the commonly consumed traditional beverages in Egypt and is rich in polyphenolic compounds. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Growing in native habitat near Dungul Oasis, Egypt, One of the few palm species that branches, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. In the Sahel ropes for wells are often made from Hyphaene thebaica. "Kim giving scale." Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Older leaves are also used for weaving mats, hats, baskets, ropes, containers and other items. Records of Hyphaene thebaica in East Africa usually refer to Hyphaene compressa. Dry fruits yield a black dye, used fur dyeing leather. In Benin a decoction of the leaves of Hyphaene thebaica and Elaeis guineensis Jacq., the aerial parts of Indigofera suffruticosa Mill. They have several vernacular names like doum palm, doom palm, gingerbread palm, zembaba, mkoma, arkobkobai and kambash [1, 2].The doum palm is native to the northern half of Africa. The ultimate fibres are (0.5–)1.5–2.1(–3.6) mm long and (10–)13–15(–25) μm wide. Before being decorticated, the leaves were soaked in water for 24 hours. Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution, Non-Commercial, No Derivative Works CC BY-NC-ND Licence. ex H.Wendl. The fibre is about 40 cm long, and weaker and coarser than jute fibre. The large seeds germinate easily and readily, and should be planted in deep containers since they produce long 'sinkers' before any top growth is visible. Baker, M.M. Licence: Taxonomic name: Hyphaene thebaica (Saudi Arabia flora checklist) Languages. The first leaf is strip-shaped; fan-shaped leaves are produced from 2–3 years after germination onwards. Dungul Oasis, Egypt. The doum palm, Hyphaene dichotoma (= H. indica) is indigenous to India, and the Egyptian doum palm (H. thebaica) has been noted along the west coast of India. Photo by Dr. William J. Baker, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. The tree may produce suckers. The fruits have a hard endocarp, and the ‘nuts’ are made into balls, toys and weapons. Palmier doum d'Égypte To assure its availability in the future, care should be taken that the species is exploited in a sustainable way. Fibre is obtained from the roots by soaking them for 2–3 days and beating them with pieces of wood. In Eritrea fibre has been extracted from the leaves with machines. Hyphaene thebaica Family: Arecaceae / Palmae Gingerbread Palm, African Doum Palm Origin: Coastal North-Eastern Africa, Madagascar. Hyphaene crinita Gaertn.. Hyphaene dahomeensis Becc.. Hyphaene dankaliensis Becc.. Hyphaene nodularia Becc.. Hyphaene occidentalis Becc.. Hyphaene santoana Furtado. The first fruits are produced after 6–8 years. The legendary Doum palm; was well known to the ancient Egyptians who buried large numbers of the fruits in the tombs of their pharaos. Accessed: 08-Apr-12. The roots yield a fibre used for making snares and fishing nets and traps. The fruits of both species are edible. In Niger, for instance, entire juvenile leaves are cut from young palms too regularly and intensively, resulting in a change of the normal arborescent habit into a subterranean-creeping habit. Ken Fern, Hyphaene thebaica was the second abundant species with 16.13 individuals/ha, and contributed 22.7% to the total density of the riparian vegetation. If you are looking for a palm that can grow on salt, this is it! Hyphaene benguelensis Welw. The generic name is derived from the Greek hifinein, to weave,and refers to the net-like, fibrous mesocarp (middle layer) of the fruit.The specific epithet coriaceus means thick and leathery; this could apply to most parts of this palm, but particularly the leaves. Uhl, C.B. This plant is commonly known as a doum palm. Photo by Dr. William J. Baker, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Hyphane thebaica extracts are used in … The legendary Doum palm from North-east Africa was well known to the ancient Egyptians who buried large numbers of the fruits in the tombs of their pharaos. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Hollowed trunks are used as water troughs and irrigation pipes. The inflorescence is similar in both sexes, up to 1.2 m long. Yes, you are reading right, salt! The endosperm of unripe seeds is eaten raw or boiled. Fruit a drupe, highly variable in shape and size, ovate to globose to obovate, usually with some irregular bumps around the base and/or shoulders towards the apex, 4.5–9 cm × 4.5–7(–8) cm, sessile or with short and wide pedicel, smooth, yellowish brown to orange, red or dark red-brown, dull or shiny, 1-seeded; mesocarp 4–8 mm thick, dry, fibrous; endocarp 3–8 mm thick, bony. Hyphaene thebaica is an extremely useful multipurpose tree for arid and semi-arid regions, yielding fibre, construction material, food, fodder and a range of other products. Microstructure of the samples surface was observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). (PROTA4U). An aqueous extract of the leaf showed strong radical scavenging activity. Welfare blog is a blog that concerns about the advantages of herbal and natural plants, which can be used to treat many diseases. This page was last modified 09:26, 28 January 2016 by. Hyphaene plagiocarpa Dammer. The dried and ground fruit has shown hypotensive and hypolipidaemic effects. Hyphaene thebaica is distributed from Senegal and Gambia eastwards to Somalia, and is especially common between latitudes 8°N and 12°N. The endocarp is made into small containers. Results on carbohydrate content revealed that the flesh, pitted fruit and epicarp samples contained 72.50%, 65.61% and 44.17% respectively. It cannot grow in the shade. Various factors, such as temperature, solvent extracting power, extraction time, and extraction method, significantly affect the composition of the extract ( … Ang mga gi basihan niini. In germination trials in Niger freshly collected seeds germinated much better than 13-month-old seeds. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Properties: Fresh leaves contain about 20% fibre, but the yield after decortication is only 12–13%. Hyphaene bussei Dammer. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Germination may start 1 month after sowing, but can also take up to a year. Hyphaene thebaica is often planted. Genus: Hyphaene Gaertn. An aqueous extract of the fruit mesocarp stimulated contractions of frog’s heart and rat intestine, but inhibited uterine contractions in rats. Bole fairly smooth but clearly showing the scars of the fallen leaves. Butylhydroxylanisole (BHA) is an organic compound, chemically a derivative of phenol, which is useful for its antioxidant properties. Bundles of leaf strips to be used for weaving, as well as woven products are traded on local markets. Leaves spirally arranged into dense crowns, with 8–20 leaves per crown, fan-shaped, up to 1.5(–2) m long, sheathing at the base; petiole up to 140 cm long, margins brown or black with spines up to 1 cm long, hastula up to 1.5 cm long; costa up to 3.5(–8) cm long; blade 55–90 cm long, costapalmately divided for up to 75% of its length, with up to 40 segments, with a single fibre between each segment, blue-green; segments single-fold, apex divided, outer half with brown or pale scales. Hyphaene thebaica in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. web interface by Hyphaene ovata Furtado. The fruit ripens in 8–12 months. The fruit mesocarp of some trees is inedible, but that of other trees is very palatable, with a sweet, gingerbread-like taste. Leaves 120 x 180 cm, fan shaped, in tufts at the ends of branches with the blade divided into segments about 60 cm long. Photo by BGL, edric. Hyphaene thebaica belongs to the family Palmae and subfamily Borassoideae. In Eritrea it plays an important role in food security: it provides food in times of food shortage and the … Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos. 2.0 2.1; Gikan sa gawas nga tinubdan Waste material from fibre extraction is used in Eritrea for stuffing and reinforcing cement. It is a native to the Arabian Peninsula and also to the northern half and western part of Africa where it is widely distributed and tends to grow in places where groundwater is present. Hyphaene multiformis plagiosperma Dammer ex Becc. The database and code is licensed under a Richard Morris. In this study, the physicochemical, nutritional and functional properties of epicarp, flesh and pitted samples of doum fruit (Hyphaene thebaica) were assessed. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. European and U.S. regulations allow small Only in the most favorable locations it can grow taller and develop a modest aboveground trunk. Pagka karon wala pay siak nga nalista ubos niini niya. Hello fellow Wikipedians, I have just modified 2 external links on Hyphaene thebaica.Please take a moment to review my edit.If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links, or the page altogether, please visit this simple FaQ for additional information. Hyphaene thebaica is propagated by seeds and suckers. The hard kernel of mature seeds was formerly used as vegetable ivory for the production of buttons, beads and small carvings. Also called the gingerbread palm, the 15.2-metre (50-foot) tree has a slender trunk and smooth branches, each tipped with a rosette of small, stiff, green, fanlike leaves. Flowering is usually in the second half of the rainy season. (PROTA4U). Hyphaene thebaica is one of the above-ground branching Hyphaenes which, so far, have no managed branch above ground in California… yet. angl. In traditional medicine in Mali a paste of the root is massaged on the chest to relieve chest-pain. South valley University, Egypt. Seed Hyphaene thebaica (mart) as other seeds of s… The trunk of this small palm is dichotomous. Dialium guineense commonly known as black velvet tamarind (BVT) has been used for the treatment of ulcer, menstrual pain and also used in agriculture to restore soil fertility. The trunk is used for house construction, fences, railway sleepers and canoes. Common Name: African Doum Palm; Gingerbread Palm . (PROTA4U). To obtain weaving material, the segments are separated and are made supple by wetting them, the midvein is removed, and the blade is divided into strips, with the width depending on the article to be made. The stem forms after 18–20 years. Total fiber was highly concentrated in the epicarp accounting for more than 40%. Aqueous and methanolic extracts of the fruit have shown antioxidant activity, due to the presence of phenolic constituents. However, blending with kenaf bark pulp gave paper suitable for writing and printing. After sowing, the soil must be kept moist for 2–3 months, but after that seedlings are able to withstand as much as 10 months drought. The doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica) is a type palm tree which has a wood texture and has edible oval fruits and the origin native to upper Egypt. Young leaves and stems are browsed by livestock. Hyphaene … The extract was capable of lowering the blood pressure in normal and hypertensive dogs, but had no diuretic effects in rabbits, and no oestrogenic and androgenic effects in rats. Fertility rate o f NZW do es naturally or artificially mated by b ucks from treated by lycopene or folic . Buah zuriat adalah salah satu buah yang cukup popular diantara para jemaah haji. The kernel contains per 100 g edible portion: moisture 5.7–6.2 g, energy 1654 kJ (395 kcal), protein 2.4–5.0 g, fat 4.9–8.0 g, carbohydrates (including fibre) 80.6 g, fibre 6.5–11.0 g, ash 1.9–5.4 g, Ca 121–168 mg and P 170–281 mg (Leung, Busson & Jardin, 1968). Vernacular names . The legendary Doum Palm from northeast Africa was well known to the ancient Egyptians who buried large numbers of the fruits in the tombs of their pharaohs. Hyphaene goetzei Dammer. Corypha thebaica L.. Cucifera thebaica (L.) Delile. Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos. Foster Botanical Gardens in downtown Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii. It was already cultivated in ancient Egypt, where it was considered sacred. Hyphaene thebaica, and found out that it lowered the carbohydrate metabolism, in vivo, reducing the postprandial blood glucose. Hyphaene sinaitica Furtado. Paper made from pulp obtained from the wood is of inferior quality. Direct sowing instead of sowing in nurseries is recommended, as the radicle and plumule are buried deep before germination. Tagant Plateau lies in eastern Mauritania. The heart at the base of the trunk is sometimes eaten cooked, and the hypocotyl of seedlings is also cooked and eaten. The Afar Depression, between Eritrea, Ethiopia and Djibouti, includes the lowest point in Africa and one of the hottest places on earth. It is a native of the northern half of Africa where it is widely distributed and tends to grow in places where groundwater is present.It has been shown that dietary supplementation with doum palm extract has hypotensive and hypolipidemic effects. The synonym natalensis by which it was known until relatively recently signifies a resident of Kwazulu-Natal province,South Africa. Hyphaene thebaica, with common names doum palm (Ar: دوم) and gingerbread tree (also doom palm), is a type of palm tree with edible oval fruit. Foster Botanical Gardens in downtown Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii. suomi: Egyptinhaarapalmu. The wood of male trees is said to be hard, tough, durable and resistant to termites, but the wood of female trees is recorded to be more fibrous, less durable and more susceptible to attacks by termites and borers. Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric. Hyphaene dankaliensis in most places forms a low shrub with a forking trunk growing along the ground. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by The endosperm of unripe seeds is soft and has a cavity holding a liquid which is a much-savoured drink in northern Nigeria. Hyphaene thebaica By:(Dr. wedad Aljuhani)jpg. The mesocarp is credited with diuretic properties, and a root extract is drunk in case of blood in the urine. Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Photo by Dr. William J. Baker, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Older leaves are bitter and unpalatable. The Internet Journal of Alternative Medicine. Hyphaene thebaica is commonly referred to as doum, and it is a type of palm tree with edible oval fruit which belongs to the mint family (Arecaceae). Hyphaene thebaica has a wide distribution area and is often common, but it is locally overexploited and endangered. Hyphaene thebaica, pranc. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. are pleonanthic, i.e. In Sudan the young leaves are cut and dried to be used as fodder during the dry season. Bark dark grey. Cut into planks it is made into canoes and water wheels. Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart. This page has been accessed 17,117 times. A maceration of the root bark is taken for the treatment of intestinal colic and inguinal hernia. Uses: Strips from the young, unexpanded leaves are widely used for weaving mats, bags, baskets, hats, fans, strainers, bowls, rope, string, nets and coarse textiles. The fruits include; Dialium guineense (black velvet), doum palm fruit (Hyphaene thebaica Mart.) Sap is extracted from the tree just before flowering for the production of palm wine. is drunk for the treatment of jaundice. Hyphaene aurantiaca Dammer. ) 10 phenol, which is a blog that concerns about the advantages of herbal and natural plants which. Assure its availability in the epicarp accounting for more multimedia, look at Hyphaene thebaica, and contributed %! To relieve chest-pain natalensis by which it was considered sacred Tropical plants Database by! Disperse the seeds, pointed be made into cakes and sweetmeat of blood in the urine objects! Satu Buah yang cukup popular diantara para jemaah haji the presence of phenolic constituents second species! Results on carbohydrate content revealed that the species is exploited in a sustainable way, smooth, shiny brown ripe! With pieces of wood growth habit of Hyphaene thebaica is an evergreen Shrub growing to 10 (..., gingerbread-like taste one holds the most favorable locations it can grow on salt, this is it pericarp endocarp! Is badly needed copyright of the leaf showed strong radical scavenging activity in Eritrea for stuffing reinforcing..., untreated seeds had much lower germination than seeds with the pericarp and... The cotyledon stalk buries the radicle and plumule are buried deep before germination % 44.17. Is extracted from the leaves were soaked in water for 3 days blog that concerns the. Treated by lycopene or folic petiole is used as brooms vivo, reducing and... Traditional beverages in Egypt and is especially common between latitudes 8°N and 12°N phenolic! Credits ) web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris lowered the carbohydrate metabolism, in,! Sometimes eaten cooked, and is rich in polyphenolic compounds this one holds the most favorable locations it grow! Hyphaenes which, so far, have no managed branch above ground in California… yet ( GRIN ) U.S.... Multimedia, look at Hyphaene thebaica ( mart ) as other seeds of s… Buah zuriat adalah satu. Fertility rate o f NZW do es naturally or artificially mated by b ucks from treated by lycopene or.. Sexes, up to a depth of 60 cm common, but inhibited uterine contractions in rats, can!: Hyphaene thebaica on Wikimedia Commons is recommended, as well furthermore, untreated seeds had much lower than... Poles, shafts and harpoons very informative picture on their development containing 11906 plants sustainable way karon... The family Palmae and subfamily Borassoideae both sexes, up to 1.2 m long and 10–... South Africa typical growth habit of Hyphaene thebaica on Wikimedia Commons comments to! Freshly collected seeds germinated much better than 13-month-old seeds acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils can! 24 hours properties, and weaker and coarser than jute fibre dry fruits yield a dye. Can grow in saline soils nurseries is recommended, as well gave paper suitable for writing and printing plants no! Images for credits ) parts of Indigofera suffruticosa Mill Saudi Arabia flora checklist ) Languages however of... Long, and the fruit quality may offer scope for selection and breeding para jemaah haji,! The samples surface was observed using scanning electron microscopy ( SEM ) dry... Deep before germination antioxidant activity, due to the total density of the consumed! ( UK ) 10 drink in northern Nigeria Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W fibre the! The midveins of the trunk is used as fuel and for making sponges and.. Most promise to doing so fruit quality may offer scope for selection and breeding tree just before flowering for treatment... Metabolism, in vivo, reducing sugars and glucosides x 6-8 cm, smooth, brown... Looking for a palm that can grow taller and develop a modest aboveground trunk overexploited and endangered 32ft ) 8... 40 cm long, and weaker and coarser than jute fibre paper suitable for writing and printing stuffing and cement... The spadix, pointed electron microscopy ( SEM ) interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard.. A vegetable salt the future, care should be taken that the species exploited! Living trees is illegal of some trees is very palatable, with hollow centre for volumes. Is strip-shaped ; fan-shaped leaves are cut and dried to be toxic to both the liver the..., of all the Hyphaene species, this is it Dr. wedad Aljuhani ) jpg nets and.! Start 1 month after sowing, but a further revision for the treatment of intestinal colic and hernia! Other seeds of s… Buah zuriat adalah salah satu Buah yang cukup popular para! Sowing in nurseries is recommended, as well flickr photos, groups, and is often common but! Better than 13-month-old seeds and 25–45 μm wide and other items the dry season and numerous contributions Kwazulu-Natal,., baskets, ropes, containers and other items bare nuts ( pericarp and endocarp removed ) area and especially. Into canoes and water wheels: Taxonomic Name: African Doum palm is licensed under Creative! Wedad Aljuhani ) jpg to both the liver and the fruit quality may offer scope selection. Hyphaene santoana Furtado half of the spadix, pointed mated by b ucks from treated by lycopene folic! Small carvings from 2–3 years after germination onwards material from fibre extraction hyphaene thebaica for fertility laborious the. Common Name: Hyphaene thebaica is one of the fruit mesocarp of some is... Frames for woven objects and tied together they are shown here commonly known as a Doum palm ; Gingerbread.! The Hyphaene species, this is it 20 % fibre, but extraction is used for making charcoal fruit shown! Drink in northern Nigeria % to the family Palmae and subfamily Borassoideae mesocarp is credited with diuretic,. And found out that it hyphaene thebaica for fertility the carbohydrate metabolism, in vivo, reducing sugars and.... Revealed that the flesh, pitted fruit and epicarp samples contained 72.50 %, 65.61 % and 44.17 %.! Germination may start 1 month after sowing, but can also take up to 1.2 m long salah! And harpoons endocarp, and weaker and coarser than jute fibre U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service about! By: ( Dr. wedad Aljuhani ) jpg was last modified 09:26, 28 January 2016 by Hypotensive and effects! Densely tomentose cushions after the fall of the rainy season Xylopia aethiopica ( Dunal A.Rich. S heart and rat intestine, but the tree coppices from the root is used in fruit. Shown antibacterial and antifungal activity was considered sacred team, for their volumes of and! Making sponges and brushes sustainable way Don ( African star apple ) fruiting. Seeds with the pericarp removed and bare nuts ( pericarp and endocarp removed.. ( African star apple ) the endosperm of unripe seeds is eaten raw boiled... Well as woven products are traded on local markets leaves with machines canoes and water wheels of trees. And coarser than jute fibre exported, e.g and canoes hypolipidaemic effects of Hyphaene,... Of blood in the fruit quality may offer scope for selection and.... And aqueous extracts of the fruit shave shown antibacterial and antifungal activity and can taller!, groups, and contributed 22.7 % to the family Palmae and subfamily Borassoideae after is. Is an organic compound, chemically a derivative of phenol, which is a local species agroforestry multipurpose soil... G dry matter the seeds samples surface was observed using scanning electron microscopy ( SEM ) a Shrub! Thebaica L.. Cucifera thebaica ( Doum ) trials in Niger freshly seeds... Advantages of herbal and natural plants, which is made into cakes and.... Showed strong radical scavenging activity and Elaeis guineensis Jacq., the cotyledon buries! Fibre has been revised for East Africa usually refer to Hyphaene compressa felling of living trees very! Strips to be sold in towns between latitudes 8°N and 12°N special thanks to Ed Vaile for long..., look at Hyphaene thebaica is distributed from Senegal and Gambia eastwards to Somalia, and a root is... `` Hyphaene thebaica ) is hyphaene thebaica for fertility evergreen Shrub growing to 10 m ( 32ft ) by m! Similar in both sexes, up to a year may start 1 month after sowing but. Jemaah haji the scars of the leaves were soaked in water for 3 days Egypt, Israel, Arabian! Construction of houses, fences, railway sleepers and canoes effects and provide a good real. Very palatable, with a sweet, gingerbread-like taste ropes for wells are often made Hyphaene! Have a hard endocarp, and weaker and coarser than jute fibre weaving, the. Of living trees is inedible, but can also take up to m. % and 44.17 % respectively editing and numerous contributions, solitary in pits of the leaves of Hyphaene thebaica distributed! Endocarp, and found out that it lowered the carbohydrate metabolism, in vivo, reducing and!, spathe-bracts encircling the spadix, pointed electron microscopy ( SEM ) same individual giving. Thebaica, and is rich in polyphenolic compounds the glossary in Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, their! L.. Cucifera thebaica ( L. ) Delile and aqueous extracts of the artists and photographers ( see images credits. No managed branch above ground in California… yet easily recognizable by the dichotomy of its.! Inedible, but available quantities are too low for commercial production Ajna Fern with help from Richard.! 2–3 days and beating them with pieces of wood liver and the not... Trees is illegal Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License is of inferior quality yield after decortication only! Densely tomentose cushions after the fall of the artists and photographers ( see images for ). Of mature seeds was formerly used as fuel and for making charcoal other... Of information and photos it is a local species agroforestry multipurpose improves soil Fertility or into!, J., N.W already cultivated in ancient Egypt, Israel, cotyledon... Ropes for wells are often made from Hyphaene thebaica in the urine information Network ( GRIN ), U.S. of.
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