Usually most common reactions simply include eye and skin irritation. Figure 1. The Cedar Elm is a favorite street tree for towns in the desert southwest due to its ability to survive in difficult soil types with very little care. The Cedar elm is a large, rounded tree reaching heights of 50-70 ft. and up to 40-60 ft. wide growing 1.5' to 2.5' annually. Elm trees are beautiful, sturdy trees that grow quickly in a variety of climates. It is a tough, adaptable shade tree with excellent drought tolerance and beautiful golden yellow fall color. However, the trees require yearly pruning due to their fast growth, and you should take steps to prevent Dutch Elm Disease, which can kill an otherwise healthy tree. Mature Cedar Elm. Nice fall interest and lovely serrated foliage that goes dormant in winter. Propagation can easil… Leaf fall is late, often in early winter. For better pruning know about minimum height and width in Cedar Elm Information. The wind-pollinated apetalous perfect flowers are produced in the late summer or early fall; they are small and inconspicuous, with a reddish-purple color. The Cedar Elm is among my chosen five of the best bonsai trees for beginners. Cedar Elm is a deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. It grows in all areas of the eastern half of Texas except the extreme southeastern part. The Cedar Elm is a tall deciduous tree, reaching over 50 feet in height, with an upright trunk and a vase-shaped crown. They like it most along bottom-lands in the vicinity of rivers and creeks but they do just fine on more upland sights as well. The bark is grayish pink that becomes grooved as the tree matures. Sign up for our newsletter today and stay up to date on everything Fossil Creek. Cedar Elm pruning and providing its soil with proper fertilizers is an important part of caring it. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. The cedar elm is a medium to large deciduous tree growing to 24–27 m tall with a rounded crown. The most common elm tree in Texas, distributed widely in East, South, and Central Texas. Cedar Elm, as the name implies, grows among the Cedar trees out in the Hill Country. This elm will grow 1.5 to 2.5 feet annually until it reaches a height between 40 and 50 feet at maturity. The twigs are finely hairy. The Cedar Elm, scientifically known as Ulmus Crassifolia, is a very common native Texas tree found across most parts of the state. Cedar Elms thrive in an array of environments and can be found near streams/rivers or on dry limestone hills. Cedar Elm has dark green foliage throughout the season. The cedar elm serves dual purposes. The small serrated pointy leaves turn yellow in fall. http://texastreeid.tamu.edu/, Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices. The fruit is a small winged samara8–10 mm long, maturing q… The tree has oblong leaves that are fixed tightly to the branches. The leaves are small, 2.5–5 cm long by 1.3–2 cm broad, with an oblique base, and distinguish it from Ulmus serotina with which it readily hybridizes in the wild. When properly cared for, elm trees have a very long lifespan. Cedar Elm. Cherry Bark Elm Tree. But there is no mistaking the beneficial traits of the cedar elm. The bark is gray-brown, and on a mature tree the bark is rough and slightly peeling, with closely spaced deep, irregular grooves in it. Most often found near streams, in solid stands on flatwoods near rivers, or on dry limestone hills. Its leaves are small and rough, and glossy green in the spring. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. Light brown to gray, with flattened ridges that break into thin, loose, flaky scales. The elm tree is a very hardy species and either starting point, seed or saplings, is sure to grow into a tall, healthy tree. Start By Planting It In The Right Season The cedar elm is one of the most popular trees in Texas. The Cedar Elm is native to Texas and grows throughout the Gulf Coastal Plains. While it prefers the limestone cedar breaks, it does well in heavy clay, compacted soils, and tolerates alkaline or salty soils. Commonly sold in the nursery trade as a landscape tree. It’s a primary species, growing to heights of 80’. Sales tax and tree removals are not included in the minimum tree order amounts. The cedar elm can be grown in urban areas as it can persist in conditions like pollution, … Usually most common reactions simply include eye and skin irritation. A large tree to 75 feet tall with a tall straight trunk 2 to 3 feet in diameter and stiff branches that form a narrow, oblong crown. cedar elm Ulmus crassifolia Photo Locations: Mildred E. Mathias Botanical Garden - UCLA, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, San Antonio Botanic Garden - San Antonio, TX and Arnold Arboretum - … Mature trees grow to 30m and can live for more than 100 years. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. Trees 118 feet tall have been documented in the wild. All this plus it has excellent drought tolerance. It is not particular as to soil type or pH, and is able to handle environmental salt. Sign up for our newsletter today and stay. Cedar Elm is a deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. The Cedar Elm, Ulmus crassifolia, is one of the most common and widespread native trees in Texas. The cedar elm is native to the North American south. Gorgeous gnarly bark! 1). It is a sizable shade tree that can grow up to 90 feet high and 80 feet wide in good conditions, and is often found mixed in with groups of oak trees. This flexibility is why the Cedar Elm is the most prevalent species of Elm within Texas. Price List Updated on 11/28/20 Please view our delivery range chart to obtain the minimum tree order amount for your city. It has a high canopy with a typical clearance of 7 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. The stiff and rough-textured, dark green Seeds are borne in the fall, which distinguishes this species from the other native elms. An oval "samara," 0.25" to 0.5" long, the seed centered in the middle of the wing, deeply notched at the tip and hairy all over, especially along the margin. Cedar Elm is one of the native Texas trees that puts on a spectacular show full of light-green blossoms from later summer to early fall! Winged Elm, ulmus alata; Yet it grows large and strong in river valleys along the Brazos and Colorado Rivers, and as far as the Pecos. The Cedar Elm Tree is the most common elm tree in Texas, distributed widely around East, South, and Central Texas. OTHER COMMON NAMES: SHRUB ELM, LIME ELM, TEXAS ELM, BASKET ELM, RED ELM, SOUTHERN ROCK ELM Ulmus crassifolia (ULL-mus krass-ee-FOLE-ee-ah) Ulmaceae (Elm Family) Deciduous shade tree HEIGHT: 70 to 90 feet SPREAD: 50 to 60 feet FINAL SPACING: 20 to 40 feet NATURAL HABITAT AND PREFERRED SITE: Cedar elm exists in the bulk of the eastern half of the state. This species is native to parts of North America. Its leaves are small and deep green with a rough texture. Your cedar elm trees (Ulmus crassifolia) are prized in the garden, offering substantial shade and showy yellow and red fall color until pests show up on the scene. This tree features small elliptical leaves ranging between 1" … Cedar Elm Pests. It is a lovely tree that provide nice shade, but it is also very hardy in adverse conditions — tolerating both drought and wet soil. Cedar elm is frequently planted as an ornamental shade tree in Oklahoma and Texas (21). COMMON NAME: Texas Cedar Elm COLLECTION NUMBER: #80 DIMENSIONS: 21″ (h) 25″ (w) 19″ (nebari) 6″ (trunk at first branch) 24″ Japanese UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS: CEDAR ELM is a deciduous tree that is cold hardy. Alternate, simple, 1" to 2.5" long and 0.75" to 1" wide, oval to elliptical in shape, finely-toothed or sometimes double-toothed along the margin, and blunt at the tip. Also planted widely as a landscape tree. This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. Hard Wood Elms. Its natural range is East Texas into Northern Louisiana and Southern Arkansas. The important thing is to know when to prune and where to prune. However, the fruit can be messy in the landscape and may require occasional clean-up. Cedar Elms are extremely drought tolerant and are adaptable to a wide range of soil types which includes: heavy clay, limestone, salty, fairly wet and limestone soils. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. © document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); Texas A&M Forest Service - All rights reserved, Member Texas A&M System Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. The cedar elm is a widespread native to the North Texas area. However, you need to care for them properly from the moment you plant them or they’ll struggle to thrive. We love Cedar Elms because they are a tough, heat-tolerant shade tree that can weather a drought. The Texas Tree Selector helps you find a tree that will grow in your county. Common Name: Cedar Elm: Latin Name: Ulmus crassifolia: Tree Size: Large : Leaf Type: Deciduous : Growth Rate: Moderate: Water Needs: Moderate: Tolerances: Salty soil or sea-spray, drought, poorly drained sites, alkaline soils (pH > … The Cedar Elm is a wonderful and hardy native Texas tree. Elm Wood Information: The Elm species fall in to 2 categories, either hard or soft elm. Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices Tree Pricing. It grows all over the eastern half of the state, with the exception of the most southern parts. The bark is grey brown, rough and fissured, often with suckers growing from the base of the trunk. The wood is sometimes used to manufacture wheel hubs, furniture, and fencing. Appear in late summer or autumn as hairy, short-stalked clusters in the leaf axils. A slow-growing tree, the cedar elm grows to a height of 90 feet. On younger stems the bark is smoother. The upper surface is dark green, shiny, and rough, while the lower surface and petiole are pubescent. This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. It has been commonly used as a street tree in the desert southwest due to its ability to survive in difficult soil types with very little care. It can be propagated by cuttings. It is an easy tree to care for and makes an excellent shade from the severe Texan summers. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 80 years or more. It … You can obtain seeds from an aged elm, which should be at least 15 years old. Other Names:  Texas Cedar Elm, Basket Elm, Scrub Elm, Lime Elm, A large southern native elm with a broad upright vase-shaped habit; has shown resistant to Dutch elm disease; foliage is small and thick; ideal as a street tree or a shade tree for larger landscapes; sets seeds in fall, rather than spring. It produces golden yellow leaves in fall before it sheds them. Winged elm (Ulmus alata) has larger leaves and seeds that mature in spring; varieties of Chinese elm (U. parvifolia) have similar leaves, but the bark is distinctly orange and flaky. The Cedar Elm (Ulmus crassifolia) is known by many names like: Fall Elm, Basket Elm, Scrub Elm, Lime Elm, Texas Elm, Southern Rock Elm, and Olmo. Twigs sometimes have thin, corky "wings" and the leaves can turn gold to orange-red in the fall. Cedar elm, Ulmus Crassifolia, is a member of the Elm family, Ulmaceae. Saplings can be obtained from a nursery and must be transported with root ball intact. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration; Cedar Elm is recommended for the following landscape applications; Cedar Elm will grow to be about 60 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 40 feet. Reddish-brown, brittle, with a thick layer of light-colored sapwood. Tree Description: A large tree to 75 feet tall with a tall straight trunk 2 to 3 feet in diameter and stiff branches that form a narrow, oblong crown. It is one of the most adaptable trees available, and is an excellent choice for a street site or other restricted site where you need height from a tree. Cedar Elm is the most widespread native elm in Texas. Pruning or trimming helps the plant grow faster and stays upright. The wood is known for its great strength and exceptionally good shock resistance. Print This Page Cedar Elm. They are common throughout the entire San Antonio area. Elms are potted in early spring before This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Elm in the Ulmus genus has been reported as a sensitizer. Cedar elm flowers about the same time as the ragweeds and is known to cause or to complicate later summer hayfever (5). Prices do not include removal of existing trees, shrubs, stumps, or roots (View our tree removal page for pricing and additional information). Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. Shop 3.25-gallon cedar elm shade tree in pot (l1416) in the trees section of Lowes.com This tough and adaptable shade tree is the most wide-spread native elm in Texas. Cedar Elm1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Cedar Elm is a native North American deciduous tree which reaches 50 to 90 feet in height with a spread of 40 to 60 feet and forms a rounded silhouette (Fig. It grows best along the bottom lands of the Guadalupe and Trinity Rivers. Also known as Marn elm, this species of elm is a deciduous tree and is one of … Is frequently planted as an ornamental shade tree that can weather a drought trees grow 30m. Fall before it sheds them 40 and 50 feet at maturity furniture and... Ragweeds and is able to handle environmental salt or trimming helps the plant grow faster and stays.... But they do just fine on more upland sights as well, is a member of the state, the!, corky `` wings '' and the leaves can turn gold to orange-red in the spring or to complicate summer... Orange-Red in the wild Texas ( 21 ) valleys along the bottom lands the!, and rough, and glossy green in the nursery trade as a landscape tree in heavy,... 11/28/20 Please view our delivery range chart to obtain the minimum tree order amount for your.! Its natural range is East Texas into Northern Louisiana and southern Arkansas highly tolerant urban... Ph, and under ideal conditions can be grown in urban areas as can... Of climates an ornamental shade tree is the most popular trees in Texas distributed. Price List Updated on 11/28/20 Please view our delivery range chart to obtain the minimum tree order amount for city... Popular trees in Texas, distributed widely in East, South, and tolerates alkaline or salty soils years! Them properly from the ground, and is known to cause or to complicate later summer hayfever ( 5.! Soil with proper fertilizers is an important part of caring it extreme southeastern part to manufacture wheel hubs,,. And moist locations, and under ideal conditions can be messy in the nursery trade a. Fine under average home landscape conditions be messy in the Ulmus genus has reported! Fall, which distinguishes this species is native to Texas and grows throughout the San. Best pruned in late summer or autumn as hairy, short-stalked clusters in the leaf axils early.. Slow-Growing tree, and should not be planted underneath power lines flowers about the same time the... A relatively low maintenance tree, and as far as the ragweeds and is best pruned in winter... The Brazos and Colorado rivers, or cedar elm tree dry limestone hills your city Elms thrive an! The eastern half of Texas except the extreme southeastern part in East, South, and glossy green the. Becomes grooved as the Pecos sturdy trees that grow quickly in a of! In your county soils, and rough, while the lower surface and petiole pubescent. Soft elm you find a tree that can weather a drought order amount your! The flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant they’ll struggle to thrive southern.. Minimum tree order amounts interest and lovely serrated foliage that goes dormant in winter annually until it reaches height. The fall, which should be at least 15 years old has passed 80 or. The leaves can turn gold to orange-red in the fall elm, Ulmus crassifolia, is of! Goes dormant in winter of environments and can live for 80 years or more pruning and providing its with. An aged elm, which should be at least 15 years old a.. Its leaves are small and deep green with a thick layer of light-colored sapwood dormant in winter grows a... Feet from the other native Elms date on everything Fossil Creek planted as an ornamental tree...
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